What is the most common scientific research paper outline?


If you are conducting some sort of a scientific experiment and want to present your findings to the public, you will need to write a report on it. It’s essential to put some serious effort in preparing this kind of academic paper, because a poorly written report will reduce the credibility of your study.

Creating an outline will help you write a high quality scientific research paper, because it will keep your thoughts organized. Bear in mind that different institutions may have some specific requirements to the paper structure, so it will be best to consult your professor about it.


Here is how the most common scientific research paper outline looks like:

  1. Abstract
  2. This is a one paragraph (6-8 sentences) long summary of the project as a whole. It must include the descriptions of the experiment’s purpose, explanations of the procedures used, gathered data, analysis of the said data.

  3. Introduction
  4. This part is usually 2-3 pages long.

    The introduction must include some information about your lab and the experiment. Of course, you will need to explain the significance of this particular research. It will be best to provide some background information about the experiment.

    You will also need to state the problem you’ve been trying to solve with this research and introduce the hypothesis you’ve developed.

    Check your wording carefully. It must be clear and easy to understand even for people who have little knowledge of the subject.

  5. Methods
  6. Explaining the methods you used during the experiment should take about 1-2 pages. You will need to start with summarizing them and introducing your control group. Be sure to write about how you chose and established it.

    Next, you will need to identify variables that appear in your work, both the dependable and independent ones.

  7. Results
  8. Again, it should take you about 1-2 pages to explain the results of your work. This section should include some tables and graphs that state the data you procured during the experiment.

    If the data is non-numerical, you will need to illustrate it with a suitable picture.

    It’s essential to include a short explanation for every table, graph and picture you include in the paper.

  9. Discussion/Conclusion
  10. Every conclusion should start with restating your hypothesis. Next, you can move on to the real conclusions that you managed to draw from the experiment. State whether the hypothesis was proven true or false.

    You will also need to explain the results you acquired during the experiment by using some additional background information.

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