How To Plan And Write A Scientific Research Paper
There are many spheres within the category of science. Generally however, all scientific research papers have similar requirements. This article will show you how to plan out and then write your scientific paper so that you can produce a top quality paper.
The basic precept of science research is trying to show or prove a new concept, tell a new story, produce new facts. In other words, your paper needs to be adding something to the general body of knowledge in your specific field. To do this, you must have a comprehensive knowledge of all the literature that’s available. Moreover, your experiments must be repeatable with the ability to achieve consistent results.
Planning your paper
Planning is a crucial stage of writing a successful paper and includes a few steps:
- Choosing your specific topic and narrowing it down
- Planning the methods of how you will conduct your research
- Making a schedule of how much time everything will take to complete
Planning and sticking to your schedule as closely as possible will help you complete your project and paper on time.
Writing your paper
Once you have established that you have original data, it’s time to start writing. Here are some guidelines for you to follow:
- Get some notes written down. It doesn’t matter if they’re on paper or digital at this point; whatever you’re most comfortable with works fine. Don’t worry about perfection at this point. The quality of your writing can be polished up later. The goal is to write down as much as you can right now.
- The parts of a scientific paper include, in this order:
- Title – this should accurately and precisely describe the topic of your research project.
- Abstract – this is a paragraph or two summarizing your research paper. It should give the reader a good idea of what is contained in the paper without giving away all the details.
- Introduction – you must be succinct yet captivating in the introduction. If the reader has gained enough interest and enthusiasm about your research from reading the abstract, the introduction should be just as appealing.
- Materials and Methods – A description of what you actually did. This is the part that other researchers will attempt to copy to see if they can duplicate your results. Your description must be so detailed that nothing is omitted. Write it for someone who has never put together an experiment like yours before.
- Results – present your research findings.
- Discussion – analyze your results and show how they fit or don’t fit your hypothesis.
- Conclusion – what can we learn from the material you presented in your paper?